Diodes come in numerous shapes and sizes. High-present diodes are frequently mounted on a warmth sink gadget to lessen their working temperature. It is conceivable to place diodes in parallel to expand the current-conveying limit, yet the VI attributes of both diodes must be firmly coordinated to guarantee that present partitions uniformly (despite the fact that a little resistor can be set in arrangement with every diode to level the streams). All diodes have some spillage (current that gets past when a diode is turn around one-sided).
This spillage current-otherwise called the turn around current (IR)- is little, normally inside the nano ampere go. Diodes likewise have a most extreme permissible turn around voltage, top switch voltage (PRV), or pinnacle converse voltage (PIV), above which a vast current will stream in the wrong bearing. On the off chance that the PIV is surpassed, the diode may get destroyed and may turn out to be for all time harmed. The PIV for diodes changes from a couple of volts to as much as a few thousand volts. One strategy for accomplishing a viably higher PIV is to place diodes in arrangement. Once more, it is essential that diodes are coordinated to guarantee that the turn around voltage isolates similarly (despite the fact that a little resistor put in parallel with every diode can be utilized to level the switch voltages).
Different things to consider about diodes incorporate most extreme forward current (IF), capacitance (framed over the pn intersection), and invert recuperation time. Most diodes have a 1-prefix assignment (e.g., 1N4003). The two finishes of a diode are normally recognized from each other by a check. For glass-exemplified diodes, the cathode is assigned with a dark band, though dark plastic embodied diodes utilize a white band. On the off chance that no images are available (as observed with numerous power diodes), the cathode might be a jolt like piece. This piece is embedded through a warmth sink gadget (bit of metal with a gap) and is attached around a nut. A fiber or mica washer is utilized to separate the cathode electrically from the metal warmth sink, and an uncommon silicone oil is put between the washer and warmth sink to improve warm conductivity.